Harvest 2007 is in full swing throughout the state and both corn and soybean yields are doing better than expected. "We already finished our soybeans last Friday and are now starting on corn this week," says Curt Sandman, who farms at Winterset in Madison County in southern Iowa. "We came in with a 52-bushel per acre soybean yield average for the whole farm."
"Anytime I get over 50 bushel per acre beans, I'm happy," says Sandman, "with the early maturing varieties I plant."
The weekly weather and crop conditions survey results for Iowa, released September 24 by the Iowa Agricultural Statistics Service office in Des Moines, shows that the harvest of both corn and soybeans is well underway. Early varieties of corn and lodged corn are being harvested first. The frost of a week ago has accelerated crop maturation. Pastures are keeping up with grazing as areas receive timely rain showers. Livestock conditions are good.
About 7 percent of Iowa corn already harvested.
There were 5.2 days suitable for fieldwork last week, compared to 3.3 days a year ago. Topsoil moisture rated 1 percent very short, 5 percent short, 88 percent adequate and 6 percent surplus across the state. Subsoil moisture rated 2 percent very short, 5 percent short, 86 percent adequate and 7 percent surplus, according to the government survey.
In Iowa, 85 percent of the corn has reached maturity, ahead of both last year's 79 percent and the 5-year average of 73 percent. Statewide, the percent moisture of corn in the field is 24 percent. About 7 percent of the corn in Iowa has been harvested. The percent moisture of corn currently being harvested is 19 percent. Corn lodging across the state is 58 percent none, 27 percent light, 10 percent moderate and 5 percent heavy. Corn condition rated 2 percent very poor, 6 percent poor, 20 percent fair, 51 percent good and 21 percent excellent.
Statewide the percent of Iowa soybean acres dropping leaves is at 83 percent, 6 percent ahead of last year and 5 percent ahead of the 5-year average. Soybeans shattering is 87 percent none, 11 percent light, 2 percent moderate and zero percent heavy. About 11 percent of Iowa's soybeans have already been harvested. Soybean condition remains unchanged at 1 percent very poor, 5 percent poor, 20 percent fair, 54 percent good and 20 percent excellent.
Pasture condition rates 2 percent very poor, 7 percent poor, 24 percent fair, 51 percent good and 16 percent excellent.