Pedro Sanchez, 2002 World Food Prize laureate, will present the 10th annual Norman Borlaug Lecture at Iowa State University on Monday, October 10. His talk, "The African Green Revolution Moves Forward," will take place at 8 p.m. in the Memorial Union Great Hall. A reception and student poster display on world food issues will precede the lecture at 7 p.m. in the Memorial Union Oak Room. Both events are free and open to the public.
Sanchez is director of the Earth Institute's tropical agriculture program at Columbia University. An international leader in the fight against hunger, Sanchez pioneered the use of agroforestry to restore fertility to some of the world's poorest and most degraded soils. He co-led the United Nations Millennium Project's Task Force on Hunger with fellow World Food Prize laureate M.S. Swaminathan. In 2004, he won the MacArthur Foundation's "Genius Award" in honor of his many achievements in expanding food supplies and improving ecological conditions in developing countries around the world.
Sanchez is leading an initiative that's part of Millenium Villages project
He currently leads the Earth Institute's initiative in The Millennium Villages project, which directs the research and development of cutting-edge, science-based solutions originating from the U.N. project. The Millennium Villages project offers a scalable model for helping rural African communities lift themselves out of extreme poverty. Project personnel work with villages to create and facilitate sustainable community-led action plans tailored to their specific needs. The Millennium Villages project has reached nearly 400,000 people in 79 villages in 10 countries.
Sanchez grew up on his family's farm in Cuba and studied agriculture at Cornell University from 1958-68, earning undergraduate and graduate degrees in agronomy and soil science. From 1968 to 1991, he was on the faculty at North Carolina State University. His impact on international agriculture was immediate: by 1971, his research team in Peru helped the nation achieve self-sufficiency in rice and produce among the highest yields in the world.
Becoming increasingly interested in tropical soils, Sanchez worked in Brazil to develop a vast area of non-productive land by reducing the soil acidity through soil amendment and fertilizer technologies. More than 30 million hectares of land came into production, yields increased by 60%, grain harvests tripled and soybean production grew to match that of the U.S.
Helped develop soybean production in Brazil, rejuvenate soils in Africa
In the 1980s, Sanchez expanded his work into Asia and Africa with a focus on the potential of agroforestry to improve productivity and long-term ecological stability. In 1991, he became director general of the International Center for Research in Agroforestry in Kenya, conducting research to develop low-cost and comprehensive soil rejuvenation programs for eastern and southern Africa. He developed an innovative approach that was adopted by more than 400,000 farmers in more than 20 countries who were able to increase yields by as much as 400% and prevent extreme food deprivation.
The Norman Borlaug annual lecture at Iowa State University is named for the Cresco, Iowa, native and agronomist whose discoveries sparked the Green Revolution. Borlaug received the Nobel Peace Prize for his international work in wheat research and production, which has saved millions of lives. He is the founder of the World Food Prize, which annually recognizes the achievements of individuals who have advanced human development by improving the quality, quantity or availability of food in the world.
In conjunction with the annual World Food Prize Celebration and Symposium held in Des Moines, Iowa each October, the Borlaug lecture at ISU in Ames is coordinated by Iowa State University's Nutritional Sciences Council and cosponsored by the University Committee on Lectures (funded by the Government of the Student Body). Additional cosponsors for this year's speaker include the Live Green! Sustainability Series, the ISU Plant Sciences Institute and the World Affairs Series. More information on ISU lectures is available at www.lectures.iastate.edu, or by calling 515-294-9935.