The U.S. corn harvest advanced to 31% as of Sunday and soybean harvest went to 53%, and are quite a ways behind the five-year averages of 53% and 66%, USDA said on Monday.
Crop development and harvest have been delayed by a cool summer and fall rains. A year ago corn was 38% harvested and soybeans 61%.
The corn and soybean ratings were unchanged from a week ago at 74% good to excellent and 73%, respectively.
In Iowa, the top corn and soybean producer, corn harvest was 19% versus 34% a year ago and the 53% average, while soybeans were at 61% harvested versus 67% a year ago and the 77% average.
Winter wheat 76% planted, 56% emerged
Winter wheat planting was at 76% as of Sunday versus the 77% a year ago and the 77% average. The crop was 56% emerged versus 51% a year ago and the 50% average. Kansas, the largest wheat producer, was at 78% planted and 58% emerged versus the respective averages of 84% and 56%.
The Kansas state report said showers of an inch fell in eastern areas, while the west remained dry. Topsoil moisture slipped a little to 5% surplus, 70% adequate, 20% short and 5% very short from the previous week's 9% surplus, 66% adequate, 20% short and 5% very short.
Cotton: 29% harvested, 86% had bolls open
The cotton harvest at 29% was ahead of 2013's 20% but trailed the average of 31%. Bolls were open on 86% of the crop versus 80% a year ago and the 90% average. Crop condition stayed at 47% good to excellent.
Sorghum was 48% harvested and 85% mature, versus the respective year ago numbers of 53% and 83% and averages of 51% and 83%. It was unchanged at 57% good to excellent.
Rice was 91% harvested compared with 2013"s 87% and the average of 85%.
Click here for the complete USDA crop progress and condition report.