U.S. corn slipped slightly to 75% good to excellent from 76% a week earlier and soybeans inched down two points to 71% in USDA's weekly crop progress and condition report, released Monday.
Rain subsided in Iowa, the top corn and soybean producer, which reported 5.8 days suitable for fieldwork. That state's corn improved to 78% good to excellent and soybeans stayed at 74%, although topsoil moisture declined to 87% adequate to surplus from 93% the week before. That was much better than the 48% adequate to surplus the year before.
Chicago corn and soybean futures closed higher on Monday on drier forecasts for the Midwest and China buying soybeans, however futures are still well below a year ago.
The weekly crop progress data showed corn silking at 78% and the dough stage at 17%, slightly better than the 75% and 16% averages. Iowa was at 85% and 14%, Illinois at 94% and 25%, and Nebraska at 85% and 23%.
For soybeans, blooming was at 76% and 38% set pods, which were ahead of averages. In Iowa, 82% were blooming versus the 80% average and Illinois was at 83% versus the 72% average. In Iowa, 41% had set pods, Illinois 44% and Indiana at 51%, all ahead of the averages.
Winter wheat harvest at 83%
Winter wheat harvest advanced to 83% from the previous week's 75% and was ahead of the 80% average. Harvest was 97% done in Kansas, the largest wheat state and mostly hard red winter, versus the100% average. Nebraska wheat was 79% cut against the 83% average.
The soft red winter harvest advanced with Illinois at 100% versus the 98% average, Indiana at 98% versus 100% average, and Arkansas at 100% versus 100%.
Spring wheat was 93% headed, versus the 93% average. North Dakota, the top producer, was 91% to trail the 93% average. The overall crop was unchanged at 70% good to excellent. North Dakota's crop was unchanged at 82% good to excellent.
Cotton bolls set at 49%, crop 54% good to excellent
Bolls were set on 49% of the cotton and 87% had squared versus the 51% and 89% averages. The crop was 54% good to excellent, up 2 points from a week ago.
Oats were 44% harvested, compared with the 35% average, and were unchanged at 64% good to excellent. Sorghum coloring was at 28% and heading at 47% versus the 28% and 43% averages. It was 60% good to excellent.
Rice was 42% headed, versus the 44% average and was unchanged at 71% good to excellent.