Every crop condition report is like a novel filled with suspense and intrigue. This week corn fares well with 96% of the crop emerged and 65% rated good to excellent. However, like any good story, the details matter. And details are held in the latest USDA Crop Progress Report.
In corn for example, the eastern Corn Belt shows better condition ratings than in the west. In Iowa corn rated poor to very poor tops 14% while the average is 8%. But in Nebraska, where irrigation helps plenty, corn is rated 75% good to excellent.
Once corn was in the ground, soybean planters got moving and in the latest report released Monday, 92% of soybeans are planted. However, they're significantly behind the five-year average with just 81% emerged versus the 89% average. Wisconsin, Missouri and Iowa are well behind their five-year emergence average as well.
For the emerged soybean crop, the condition is running ahead of last year at this time at 65% good to excellent. Iowa shows 12% of the crop in poor to very poor condition, with Missouri showing 10% at the same level.
As for winter wheat, 95% of the crop is headed out, which is right on the five-year average. But harvest is behind schedule with only 20% in the bin versus a 37% average. Key winter wheat producing states including Oklahoma and Texas are the farthest behind for this time of year, but in Missouri only 23% of the crop is harvested versus 50% on average.
As for condition, the winter wheat crop is 43% poor to very poor, which is steady with last week's report. About 32% of the crop is rated good to excellent - a point higher than last week. Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, Oklahoma, South Dakota and Texas show the poorest quality wheat in this latest report.
The spring wheat crop is nearing average numbers with 96% planted (versus a 99% average) and 90% emerged versus 97% on average. 70% of that crop is rated good to excellent, which is a bit behind last year at this time. 5% is rated poor to very poor with Washington hit hardest with 18% in the two lowest condition categories.
Keep up with crop conditions and yield estimates on the Farm Futures Statistical Tables and Charts page