FAQ: A couple weeks ago USDA announced more grants for its specialty crop initiative and organic ag initiative. I'm in the first year of converting some of my land to certified organic crop production. How will this USDA funding help?
Answer: U.S. Agriculture Secretary Tom Vilsack on March 10 announced the availability of more than $66.5 million in funding for research and Extension activities to address the needs of America's specialty crop industry and solve critical organic agricultural production issues. The grants will be funded through the Specialty Crop Research Initiative and the Organic Agriculture Research and Extension Initiative. Both programs are administered by USDA's National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) and made available through the 2014 Farm Bill.
"Investments in projects to help organic producers and specialty crop growers are an important way USDA helps American farmers establish new business opportunities throughout the country," said Vilsack. "The projects funded by these programs will build on USDA support for local and regional markets. And strengthening local markets grows the rural economy while improving access to healthy food for millions of children and supplying farmers markets, restaurants and other businesses with fresh, high-quality fruits and vegetables."
Question: What is USDA's definition of a "specialty crop?"
Answer: Specialty crops are defined in the law as "fruits and vegetables, tree nuts, dried fruits, and horticulture and nursery crops, including floriculture." The Specialty Crop Research Initiative (SCRI) develops and disseminates science-based tools to address the needs of specific crops.
The projects funded address research and Extension needs for crops that span the entire spectrum of specialty crops production, from researching plant genetics to improving crop characteristics; identifying and addressing threats from pests and diseases; improving production and profitability; developing new production innovations and technologies; and developing methods to respond to food safety hazards.
Past projects include a project at Michigan State University to develop sustainable pollination strategies for U.S. specialty crops, a grant to the University of Arkansas to create genomic resources needed for spinach to develop resistance to the downy mildew pathogen, and a project at North Carolina State University that is developing genomic tools to produce low cost and high quality Christmas trees with properties desired by consumers.
SCRI pre-applications are due March 30, 2015, and full applications are due July 2, 2015. See the request for applications for specific program requirements.
Question: What is the purpose of the USDA Organic Initiative?
Answer: The purpose of the Organic Agriculture Research and Extension Initiative (OREI) is to fund high-priority research, education, and Extension projects that enhance the ability of producers and processors who have already adopted organic standards to grow and market high-quality organic products. Priority concerns include biological, physical, and social sciences, including economics.
Past projects include a project at Utah State University to foster the development of economically viable and environmentally sustainable farming systems to address the issues facing western U.S. dryland organic wheat producers, a grant to Iowa State University to enhance sustainability of organic systems by integrating crop and livestock production systems, and a project at Purdue University that addresses crop management issues faced by organic tomato producers.
Funded projects will aid farmers and ranchers with whole farm planning by delivering practical research-based information and will improve the ability for growers to develop the Organic System Plan required for certification.
A "Notification of Intent to Submit an Application" is due on April 1, 2015. Full applications are due April 30, 2015. See request for applications for specific program requirements. NIFA previously announced more than $51 million in funding for the fiscal year 2014 SCRI grantees. Additionally, NIFA announced more than $19 million in funding for the fiscal year 2014 OREI grants.