Each Friday through October Farm Futures will publish a harvest update based on inputs from farmers and grain dealers throughout the Midwest and northern Plains.
Rain interrupted the Midwest corn and soybean harvests this week and may cause more delays in southern and eastern parts of the region the next two weeks. Progress was made before combines were sidelined, with good yields reported in soybeans.
Iowa. Harvest of early maturing soybeans was under way in northwest Iowa.
"Early yield reports are encouraging for this area in excess of 55 bushels per acre plus and harvest moistures in the 12 to 13 percent range," said Brian Kemp, Sibley.
USDA said Iowa corn was 2% harvested as of Sunday and soybeans were 3%, versus the respective five-year averages of 15% and 17%. It estimates the state's corn yield at 185 bushels per acre and soybeans at 51 bushels, versus 2013's 165 and 44.5.
In southeast Iowa, there were early corn yields of 261 bushels per acre, said John Heisdorffer of Keota. Soybean harvest had not started on his farm, but he relayed reports of 50- to 60-bushel yields in the area.
Illinois. Soybeans were being cut in north central Illinois, with yields of 60 to 70 bushels per acre reported. Corn harvest had just started.
USDA estimates the Illinois soybean yield at 56 bushels, up from 2013's 49, and the corn yield at 194 versus 2013's 178.
"Getting really cranked up south of the Illinois River," said Todd Tesdal, operations manager at GrainCo FS elevator in Mazon, "Mostly beans and yield reports are outstanding. Hearing lots of 60's and 70's per acre. Beans are running 11% to 14% moisture."
Tesdal estimated 5% of the soybeans have been harvested and 0.5% on corn in his area. Storage has been available, but he acknowledged it is early in the harvest period.
As of Sunday, USDA said 14% of Illinois corn was harvested versus the 34% average, and soybeans were 7% cut versus the 13% average.
Indiana. Soybean harvest was 25% done on Chris Hudson's farm near Crawfordsville in the west central part of the state. Yields ranged from 65 to 80 bushels per acre.
Rain on Thursday halted harvesting and it may stay halted as forecasts call for rain on Friday, he said.
USDA estimates Indiana corn will average 184 bushels per acre and soybeans 52 bushels, versus 2013's 177 and 51.
Long truck lines at a local processing plant meant 1.5 to 3 hours to unload soybeans there.
Corn harvest had not yet begun on the Hudson, but should start soon.
Soybeans were 70% harvested on Nick Frey's farm in central Indiana, with yields up 7% to 10%, while corn harvest was 5% complete, he said.
USDA said 11% of Indiana's corn had been harvested as of Sunday, versus the 21% average and 9% of the soybeans versus the 17% average.
North Dakota. Rain halted the spring wheat and durum harvests this week. Cutting of both crops was nearly complete. While yields have been good, vomitoxin, scab and sprouted grain have been common.
"We piled over 100,000 bushels of spring wheat and durum on the ground. Obviously, our entire corn crop will also be piled," said Bob Wisness of Arnegard in western North Dakota.
No corn or soybeans had been harvested in his area. Temperatures in the mid-20s Fahrenheit last week may lower test weights in corn, he said.
As of Sunday, USDA said 91% of the state's spring wheat was harvested versus the 96% average. No corn was harvested, although USDA said 30% was mature. Soybeans were 9% harvested versus the 24% average.