Iowa Corn, Soybeans Generally In Good Shape

Iowa Corn, Soybeans Generally In Good Shape

More than 80% of each crop is rated good to excellent this week. Iowa will lose some corn and soybean acres due to the Missouri River flooding.

The latest weekly weather and crop condition report shows 84% of Iowa's 2011 corn crop and 82% of the state's soybeans are rated good to excellent. Results of the statewide survey were released June 13 by the Iowa office of USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service in Des Moines.

The state is expected to lose a significant amount of corn and beans planted in Woodbury, Monona, Harrison, Pottawattamie, Mills and Fremont counties along Iowa's western edge, fields that are in the path of the expected flooding on the Missouri River this week. The Missouri River flooding stretches from South Dakota into Missouri, drowning out crops in those states as well as crops growing on Iowa and Nebraska land along the river. The flooding is expected to affect about 450,000 of the 90 million acres forecast by USDA to be planted to corn nationwide this year.

Beyond flooding issues, the news is mostly good for Iowa crops

Beyond the flooding issues, the news for Iowa's 2011 crop is mostly good in this latest weekly weather and crop conditions report, notes Greg Thessen, head of the NASS office in Des Moines. It shows emergence of soybeans running slightly ahead of schedule and the majority of the corn is in good shape. Iowa seems to be headed in the right direction anyway.

Iowa Crop Conditions as of June 12, 2011                                           

                                            This week                                   Last week

                        Fair                 Good                Excellent         Excellent

Corn                14%                  60%                    24%                 21%

Soybeans        16%                  61%                    21%                 18%

This weekly survey information was gathered on Sunday June 12, then analyzed and reported by NASS on Monday afternoon June 13. 

Nationally, most of the corn crop has been planted. Ohio and North Dakota, both behind schedule because of adverse weather this spring, reported in the latest weekly USDA report 97% of their crop had been planted as of June 12. USDA said last week that bad weather, including flooding on the Missouri River now and on the Mississippi River earlier this spring, would cut this year's U.S. corn acres from the expected 92.2 million acres to 90 million, making continued tight supplies of corn and high prices certain through 2012.

Corn price now exceeds wheat price, will wheat be fed instead?

Reports of weather problems and delayed planting caused corn to rise more than 50 cents a bushel last week. The price of corn now exceeds wheat by about 40 cents per bushel, raising the possibility that wheat can be substituted for corn as a feed grain for livestock and poultry rations.

On the Chicago Board of Trade, corn futures fell June 13, amid larger economic concerns. Corn was off 4 cents per bushel for the July contract to $7.83 a bushel. The December contract was down 8 cents to $7.05 per bushel. Soybeans were down 4 cents per bushel for the July contract to $13.83 per bushel.

Despite wet weather, progress made on baling first cutting hay

Despite rain showers this past week, progress was made on getting first cutting of hay baled. The weekly report is also available on the Iowa Department of Agriculture and Land Stewardship's website at www.IowaAgriculture.gov or on USDA's site at www.nass.usda.gov/ia.  Here are some highlights:

* Rain Again! Common activities last week included spraying, side-dressing nitrogen, and cutting and baling hay before rain moved in at midweek. Heavy rainfall in central and south central Iowa caused ponding while flood concerns have worsened along the Missouri River. Waters are rising and farmers have moved anything that can be moved to higher ground. Reports of scattered hail were received from around the state, but little crop damage was reported.

* No drought! There were 4.1 days suitable for fieldwork statewide during the past week, the survey shows. Southeast Iowa had only 2.6 days suitable while north central Iowa had 4.9 days suitable. Topsoil moisture levels rated zero percent very short, 3% short, 73% adequate and 24% surplus. Subsoil moisture rated zero percent very short, 2% short, 74% adequate and 24% surplus.

* Corn about wrapped up. Little corn acreage remains to be planted in Iowa and almost all the crop has emerged as of June 14. Corn condition for the state is reported at 1% very poor, 1% poor, 14% fair, 60% good and 24% excellent.

* Soybean planting is 98% complete, slightly ahead of the previous year and the five year average for Iowa. Looking at emergence, 92% percent of the state's soybean crop has emerged, marginally ahead of last year's 91% and ahead of the five-year average of 88%. Soybean condition is reported at zero percent very poor, 2% poor, 16% fair, 61% good and 21% excellent.

Of the oat crop, 30% has headed compared with 51% in 2010 and the average 35%. Oat condition improved slightly to zero percent very poor, 2% poor, 18% fair, 63% good and 17% excellent. First cutting alfalfa hay harvest, at 65% complete, has nearly caught up to last year's 67% but passed the normal 56%. The condition of the Iowa hay crop is reported at 1% very poor, 5% poor, 23% fair, 54% good and 17% excellent. Pasture and range condition is 1% very poor, 3% poor, 18% fair, 54% good, and 24% excellent. Livestock conditions are good other than some heat stress early in the week.

Iowa preliminary weather summary, as of June 13, 2011

Here's this week's weather report, from Harry Hillaker, state climatologist for Iowa Department of Agriculture & Land Stewardship in Des Moines.

The past week began with hot and humid conditions with temperatures well above normal from Sunday (June 5) through Wednesday (8th). Monday and Tuesday were the hottest days in most areas with temperatures in the 90s statewide along with a few 100s. Much cooler air pushed into Iowa late Wednesday and remained for the rest of the week. Daytime highs were only in the 60s in many areas from Thursday (9th) through Sunday (12th).

Temperature extremes varied from afternoon highs of 100 degrees at Ankeny, Atlantic, Little Sioux, Onawa, Shenandoah and Sioux City on Monday and also at Algona, Pocahontas and Swea City on Tuesday while Cresco reported a Sunday (June 12) morning low of 42 degrees.

Temperatures for the week averaged 4.0 degrees above normal

There were a few isolated showers over the southeast and northeast corners of Iowa Sunday June 5 while the state was dry on Monday and Tuesday. Showers and thunderstorms were widespread over the southeast one-half of Iowa on Wednesday and Friday and statewide Thursday June 9. Saturday was dry. Heavy rain fell over much of central and east central Iowa, particularly Thursday.

Fortunately most of the heavy rain fell outside of the Missouri River watershed where flood waters from upstream were gradually rising through the week along Iowa's western border. Rain totals for the week ending June 12 varied from only 0.10 inch at Onawa to an unofficial total of 9.33 inches south of Norwalk in Warren County. The statewide average precipitation was 1.67 inches while normal for the week is 1.09 inches. Severe weather, mostly in the form of hail, was reported from 14 central and northeastern counties on Wednesday evening and from 17 counties in central, southern and western Iowa on Thursday.

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