NOTE: Due to the lapse in federal funding with the recent federal government shutdown, the USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service (NASS) weekly Crop Progress reports scheduled for October 7 and October 15 were cancelled. Therefore, data for the weeks ending October 6 and October 13 are not available.
Snow showers are in the forecast for Tuesday October 22 in northern Iowa. With the possibility of less than favorable harvest weather becoming more common as the calendar moves later into fall, farmers across the state were busy this past week, making progress in getting their 2013 corn and soybean crops out of the fields.
The weekly Iowa Crops & Weather report, based on the statewide USDA survey as of October 20, shows 70% of Iowa's soybeans and 35% of the corn has been harvested. This week a year ago, 96% of the soybeans and 92% of the corn had been harvested. The 5-year average is 81% for Iowa soybeans and 50% for corn.
In the 18 states that grow most of the U.S. corn and soybeans, 63% of the soybeans and 39% of the corn were harvested as of October 20.
The complete weekly Iowa Crops & Weather report is available on the Iowa Department of Agriculture & Land Stewardship's website or on USDA's site. The report summary follows here:
CROP REPORT: Mostly favorable weather allowed harvest of corn and soybeans in Iowa to advance during the week ending October 20, 2013, according to USDA's National Agricultural Statistics Service. Statewide there were 5.4 days suitable for fieldwork. Fall tillage was underway in areas already harvested.~~~PAGE_BREAK_HERE~~~
Recent rains have helped soil moisture levels in Iowa. Topsoil moisture levels rated 20% very short, 34% short, 46% adequate and zero percent surplus as of October 20. Subsoil moisture levels rated 29% very short, 38% short, 32% adequate and 1% surplus. Southeast Iowa remained the driest with over 95% of the topsoil moisture rated short and very short.
Almost all of Iowa's 2013 corn crop is now mature, and 35% of the corn has been harvested
Grain movement from farm to elevator was rated 53% moderate to heavy the week ending October 20. Ninety-seven percent of Iowa reported adequate or surplus off-farm grain storage availability and 90% reported adequate or surplus on-farm grain storage availability.
With almost the entire corn crop mature, 35% of the corn had been harvested for grain or seed, 15 percentage points behind normal. Moisture content of all corn in the field was estimated at 22% while moisture content of corn harvested was 19%. Corn lodging was rated at 67% none, 21% light, 10% moderate and 2% heavy. Corn ear droppage was rated at 75% none, 17% light, 6% moderate and 2% heavy. Corn condition was 6% very poor, 15% poor, 34% fair, 37% good and 8% excellent.
Iowa's soybean crop has dropped 96% of its leaves, and 70% of the beans have been harvested
With almost all the soybean crop dropping leaves, 70% of soybeans had been harvested, 11 percentage points behind normal. Soybean lodging was rated at 80% none, 15% light, 4% moderate and 1% heavy. Soybean shattering was rated at 76% none, 20% light, 4% moderate and zero percent heavy. Soybean condition improved slightly to 8% very poor, 15% poor, 35% fair, 36% good and 6% excellent.~~~PAGE_BREAK_HERE~~~
Pasture condition improved to 22% very poor, 26% poor, 35% fair, 16% good and 1% excellent. There were a few reports of livestock grazing on corn stubble. Hay supplies were considered 16% short, 73% adequate, and 11% surplus across Iowa with 91% rated in fair to good condition.
IOWA PRELIMINARY WEATHER SUMMARY—For week ending October 20, 2013
By Harry Hillaker, State Climatologist, Iowa Department of Agriculture & Land Stewardship
The past reporting week brought mostly cooler than normal weather to Iowa. Sunday (Oct. 13) was the warmest day in most areas with highs generally in the 60's with Clarinda, Logan and Shenandoah the hot spots at 70 degrees. Temperatures dipped below freezing over parts of the state on Monday, Thursday, Saturday and Sunday with Pocahontas reporting the lowest temperature on Thursday morning at 24 degrees. However, much of southeastern Iowa has yet to record a freeze this season.
Temperatures for the week as a whole averaged 3.0 degrees below normal. The week's greatest rainfall came over about the western one-quarter of the state from late Sunday (Oct. 13) into Monday afternoon with amounts of one to two inches common. Light to moderate rain fell over most of the state Monday night into Tuesday morning. There were scattered light rain showers somewhere in the state almost every other day of the week. Weekly rain totals varied from only 0.04 inches at Iowa City Airport to 2.41 inches at Le Mars. The statewide average precipitation was 0.61 inches or just slightly more than the weekly normal of 0.56 inches. Soil temperatures were averaging in the low 50's in most areas as of Sunday (Oct. 20).