Iowa has been receiving continuing rains over much of the state and southwest Iowa has been one of the wettest areas this past couple of weeks. Hopefully it will dry out so the last acres can be planted.
The weekly crops and weather survey issued by Iowa Ag Statistics Service on June 4 shows that 58% of the state's corn crop is good condition and 21% is in excellent condition. Soybean planting is now at 93% complete statewide.
Continual rain is making it hard to finish planting soybeans and harvest the first hay crop. Fields are showing signs of stress from excess moisture with yellow corn and shallow root systems. Wind and rain are keeping sprayers out of the fields. Fields that have not been sprayed are developing weed problems. Grain movement has picked up as planting nears completion.
Subsoil moisture reserves are 33% surplus
In the past week, there were 2.6 days suitable for fieldwork, compared to 5.9 days last year at this time. Topsoil moisture is zero percent very short, 2% short, 63% adequate and 35% surplus across the state as of June 4. Subsoil moisture is rated zero percent very short, 2% short, 65% adequate and 33% surplus.
Oats headed are at 11%. The condition of the oat crop is zero percent very poor, 2% poor, 20% fair, 62% good and 16% excellent. About 93% percent of the corn is emerged. An estimated 5% of the corn has been or will be replanted.
Corn condition across Iowa is 1% very poor, 3% poor, 17% fair, 58% good and 21% excellent. Soybeans planted are at 93%, behind last year's 98% and 5-year average of 94%. About 73% percent of soybeans have emerged. Bean condition is zero percent very poor, 3% poor, 21% fair, 60% good and 16% excellent.
The survey shows 15% of first cutting of alfalfa hay has been completed. Last year at this time 62% had been harvested and 5-year average is 37%. All hay condition is 2% very poor, 9% poor, 29% fair, 51% good and 9% excellent. Pasture condition 1%very poor, 3% poor, 23% fair, 56% good and 17% excellent.