Nearly all of Iowa's 2014 corn crop is now emerged, soybeans are nearly all planted and much of the state's crops are in good shape. That's the summary for USDA's weekly crop report based on conditions statewide as of June 8. In Iowa, the leading corn state, corn was 98% emerged while soybeans were 87% emerged, both ahead of the 5-year averages. Soybeans were 98% planted.
Unfortunately the strong storms that rolled through Southwest Iowa caused some crop and property damage, notes Greg Thessen, director of the Iowa Office of USDA's National Ag Statistics Service in Des Moines, which conducts the weekly survey and compiles the results. Otherwise, much of the state is in good shape with planting mostly completed and farmers now focused on scouting fields, spraying and in-season fertilizer applications.
The complete weekly Iowa Crop & Weather Report is available on the Iowa Department of Agriculture & Land Stewardship website or on USDA's site. The report summary follows here:
CROP REPORT: In spite of rains during the week, corn and soybean progress remained ahead of normal in Iowa for the week ending June 8, 2014, according to USDA's National Ag Statistics Service. Statewide there were 4.0 days suitable for fieldwork. Farmers in southwest Iowa were concerned about damage caused by the June 3rd storm. Other activities for the week included spraying, herbicide application, and field side dressing.
Recent precipitation has increased soil moisture levels in Iowa. Topsoil moisture levels for the state as of June 8 rated 1% very short, 10% short, 79% adequate and 10% surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated 5% very short, 22% short, 68% adequate and 5% surplus. Southwest and south central Iowa were wettest with over 30% of topsoil in surplus condition.
Iowa's corn crop condition is rated 82% good to excellent
As of June 8, 98% of Iowa's corn acreage has emerged, 18 points ahead of last year and 4% ahead of the 5-year average. Corn condition rated 1% very poor, 2% poor, 15% fair, 64% good and 18% excellent. With soybean planting nearing completion, 87% of the crop has emerged, 3 weeks in front of last year and just over a week ahead of normal. The season's first soybean condition rating came in at 1% very poor, 2% poor, 16% fair, 64% good and 17% excellent. In Iowa 24% of the oat crop has headed, ahead of last year's 14% but behind average by 7 points. Oat condition rates zero percent very poor, 1% poor, 32% fair, 55% good and 12% excellent.
Iowa's first cutting of alfalfa hay was 42% complete on June 8, 33 points ahead of the previous year but 9 points less than average. Hay condition was rated zero percent very poor, 3% poor, 26% fair, 53% good and 18% excellent. Pasture condition rated 1% very poor, 6% poor, 29% fair, 48% good and 16% excellent. Livestock conditions are reported as average.
Last week was a very active weather week across Iowa
IOWA PRELIMINARY WEATHER SUMMARY—for week ending June 8, 2014
By Harry Hillaker, State Climatologist, Iowa Department of Agriculture & Land Stewardship
It was a very active week of weather across Iowa. Three large precipitation events on Sunday (June 1), Tuesday (June 3) and Saturday (June 7) brought copious amounts of rain to much of the state. The Sunday event brought heaviest rain, along with some high winds, to northwest and far western Iowa with Cherokee reporting 4.11 inches of rain.
The Tuesday event brought a very damaging combination of large hail and high winds to parts of southwest Iowa, roughly along and south of a Harrison County to Decatur County line. Very heavy rain fell over the same southwestern counties while rain amounts decreased to just sprinkles in far northeast Iowa. Lamoni Airport reported 5.65 inches of rain with this second event.
Statewide average was 2.33 inches, double the normal amount
The final event came on Saturday and brought showers and thunderstorms to much of the southeast two-thirds of Iowa but without any severe weather. Bloomfield reported the most rain with this Saturday event with 2.76 inches. Overall weekly rain totals varied from 0.43 inches at Cedar Falls to 7.30 inches at Red Oak, 7.17 inches at Oakland and 7.05 inches at Lamoni Airport. There was a statewide average of 2.33 inches of rain. This was double the weekly normal of 1.17 inches and was the highest weekly average since late May 2013. Finally, there were also several reports of large hail over far northwest Iowa on Thursday afternoon.
Sunday (June 1) was the warmest day of the reporting week except in the rain cooled northwest portion of the state. Warm and humid air also dominated all but northwest Iowa on Monday (May 2) while temperatures averaged a few degrees either side of normal for the remainder of the week. Temperature extremes varied from a Sunday (May 1) afternoon high of 92 degrees at Little Sioux to a Sunday (May 8) morning low of 45 degrees at Spencer. Temperatures for the week as a whole averaged 2.7 degrees above normal.