Corn’s condition stayed at 75% good to excellent in the latest week, while soybeans slipped 1 point to 73%, USDA said on Monday.
Farm Futures calculated a 0.3 bpa slippage in its expected average corn yield to 172 bpa due to condition declines in Iowa, Illinois, Indiana and other states. The soybean potential slipped about 0.25 bpa to 48.1, with minor slippage in condition ratings in Iowa, Missouri, Indiana and elsewhere.
In Iowa, the corn rating slipped slightly to 18% excellent (19% last week), 61% good, 22% fair (16%), 4% poor and 1% very poor.
“High temperatures and lack of precipitation, especially across the lower two-thirds of the state, is stressing some crops, causing corn leaves to curl,” the Iowa report said. “Districts in the northern third of Iowa had the highest topsoil moisture levels with more than 90% rated adequate to surplus, while south central and southeast Iowa reported topsoil moisture levels over 50% short to very short.”
Dry areas also were a concern in Indiana, where corn was rated 72% good/excellent and soybeans 72%.
“Crops continued showing signs of drought stress causing farmers to use irrigation to water crops. In most areas, spotty showers are not enough to combat these dry and hot conditions,” Indiana said.
Winter wheat’s rating was unchanged at 61% good to excellent. The crop was 25% harvested, compared with 17% a year ago and the 28% average.
In Kansas, where 25% of the state’s wheat was cut, “rainfall amounts of one inch or more were reported in the west, with lesser amounts in the east. There were six days suitable for fieldwork.”
Spring wheat was rated 76% good to excellent. The good rating dropped to 64% from last week’s 67%. North Dakota’s crop slipped 3 points to 82% good the excellent.
“The northeast continued to receive unwanted precipitation with some areas reporting up to four inches,” the North Dakota report said. “This persistent moisture has caused significant flooding resulting in drowned out crops. The impact of the flooding won’t be known until a later time.”
However, while beneficial rain fell in the southwest portion of North Dakota, the wind and hail with the storms damaged some crops, the report said.
Nationally, sorghum was 17% headed, compared with 16% last year and the 20% average. The crop was slipped 1 point to 70% good to excellent.
Click the link below for a pdf of the graphics.