Corn's national condition remained at 69% good to excellent in Monday's USDA update as improvements in North and South Dakota, Wisconsin and North Carolina offset slippage in a number of states including Illinois, Indiana, Minnesota and Ohio.
Related: What Midwest crops look like
Soybeans slipped to 62% good to excellent from 63% the week before, although the excellent rating rose 1 point, while the good dropped 2. Slippage was seen in the Illinois, Indiana and Kansas crops, USDA said.
Farm Futures expected corn at 68% good/excellent and soybeans at 63%.
USDA discontinued winter wheat condition ratings and reported harvest 65% done, compared with 67% a year ago and the 68% average. Spring wheat improved 1 point to 71% good/excellent with the excellent rating up two points and good down one. Spring wheat in top producer North Dakota improved 2 points to 82% good/excellent.
In top producer Iowa, corn stayed at 82% good to excellent, although excellent gained point and good lost one. Illinois dropped to 56% from 61% a week ago. Indiana corn dropped two points to 46% good/excellent.
"Weather continues to be a challenge for producers with some areas of the state reporting crops under stress from the cool, wet conditions," said the Illinois state report.
Nationwide, 27% of the corn was silking, behind last year's 31% and the average of 34%. Soybeans were 38% blooming, compared with 39% a year ago and the 37% average.
The winter wheat harvest advanced to 65%. Texas was 95% done, compared with 97% a year ago and the 96% average. Kansas was at 93% to stay ahead of last year's 87%. It trailed the 94% average.
Soft red winter wheat harvest in Illinois was 83% done, compared with 89% a year ago and the 91% average. Indiana was 58% versus 73% a year ago and the 82% average.
In Washington, where rain is needed, spring wheat slipped to 29% good to excellent from 38%.
In sorghum, 17% was coloring, down from 20% a year ago and the 21% average. It was unchanged at 67% good to excellent, although excellent slipped one point and good gained one from last week.
Cotton was 18% in setting bolls versus the 24% average. It was rated 57% good/excellent, unchanged from a week ago, although excellent lost one point and good gained one.
Topsoil moisture was largely adequate to surplus from North Dakota to Texas and throughout the Midwest. In Washington, topsoil slipped to 37% adequate, 41% short and 22% very short, versus last week's 41% adequate/surplus, 39% short and 20% very short. Oregon improved to 1% surplus, 30% adequate, 49% short and 20% very short from 27% adequate, 50% short and 23% very short.