Iowa farmers managed to work fields for more than four days last week, but this is the latest the state has had unplanted corn acres since 1993. As of June 23 statewide, farmers had planted 96% of their intended 2013 corn acres. The crop was rated slightly better than the previous week, with 44% of the corn rated good and 10% excellent. That's according to the weekly Iowa Crops & Weather report issued by the Iowa office of USDA's National Ag Statistics Service in Des Moines on June 24, based on crop conditions as of June 23.
For soybeans, 90% of Iowa's 2013 crop was planted as of June 23, a 13% increase from the previous week. Usually, 98% of the state's soybeans are in the ground by now. With 75% of the soybeans emerged, the state still lags the average of 94% emerged for this point in the growing season. The 2013 Iowa soybean crop was rated 44% good and 9% excellent on June 23, a slight improvement over the previous week.
Farmers were able to finally get some corn, quite a few acres of beans planted
"Finally, much of the state had several days of dry weather in a row, and a lot of farmers were able to take advantage and get some corn and quite a few soybeans planted," observes Iowa Secretary of Agriculture Bill Northey. "It's been an extremely challenging planting season and many farmers are making tough decisions about how to handle the significant acreage that they still have been unable to get planted."~~~PAGE_BREAK_HERE~~~
CROP REPORT: Warm and mostly dry weather allowed farmers to make progress getting crops planted during the week ending June 23, 2013, according to the weekly survey by USDA's National Ag Statistics Service. Statewide there was an average of 4.3 days suitable for fieldwork. The week had the most days suitable for fieldwork in over a month, and the second most for the year. Southeast Iowa had the most suitable conditions for fieldwork and had 5.4 days suitable.
Moisture levels for both topsoil and subsoil continue to be rated mostly adequate and surplus. As of June 23 for Iowa, topsoil moisture levels rated zero percent very short, 1% short, 59% adequate and 40% surplus. Subsoil moisture levels rated zero percent very short, 1% short, 65% adequate and 34% surplus.
First year since 1993 that any corn remained to be planted this late in the year
Iowa's corn crop was 96% planted, marking the first year since 1993 that any corn remained to be planted this late in the year. Also as of June 23, the survey showed 93% of the 2013 corn crop has emerged, normally all corn would be emerged. Corn condition showed a very slight improvement, and was rated 3% very poor, 11% poor, 32% fair, 44% good and 10% excellent.
Iowa's soybean crop is 90% planted as of June 23, an advancement of 13 percentage points from last week, but still below the normal 98% completed by this date. As for soybean emergence statewide, 75% of the soybean crop has emerged; still well behind the 5-year average of 94%. Iowa's soybean condition rating improved slightly, and was rated 3% very poor, 9% poor, 35% fair, 44% good and 9% excellent. Iowa's oat crop was 67% headed on June 23, almost catching up with the normal 72% headed. The oat condition rated 1% very poor, 5% poor, 26% fair, 56% good and 12% excellent.~~~PAGE_BREAK_HERE~~~
Dry weather allowed farmers to make good progress harvesting alfalfa
Farmers took advantage of the dry weather this past week to make good progress harvesting alfalfa. The first cutting of alfalfa hay increased over 40 percentage points from the previous week, and now stands at 72% complete, which is still behind the 5-year average of 77%. Hay condition on June 23 was rated at 1% very poor, 5% poor, 27% fair, 52% good and 15% excellent. Pasture and range conditions statewide rated 1% very poor, 6% poor, 23% fair, 47% good and 23% excellent.
IOWA PRELIMINARY WEATHER SUMMARY—for week ending June 23, 2013
By Harry Hillaker, State Climatologist, Iowa Department of Agriculture & Land Stewardship
A welcome period of much warmer and drier weather prevailed across most of Iowa through Thursday (June 20) night. Daytime high temperatures were mostly in the 80's with just a few light showers scattered across the state. The warmest weather came over the weekend but was accompanied by torrential rains over parts of northeast Iowa.
Isolated heavy rain fell in parts of the northeast Friday (June 21) morning and was followed by more widespread heavy rain early Saturday morning (June 22) and again Saturday night into Sunday (June 23) morning. Rain totals included 8.99 inches at Dorchester, 8.74 inches at Yellow River State Forest (both in Allamakee County) and 7.58 inches at Bluffton (Winneshiek County). Meanwhile, no measureable rain fell during the reporting week over parts of central and southeast Iowa such as at Ames, Newton, Grinnell, Washington and Fairfield. The statewide average precipitation was 0.81 inches while normal for the week is 1.17 inches.
Temperature extremes for the week ranged from a Wednesday (June 19) morning low of 52 degrees at Elkader to afternoon highs of 94 degrees at Sioux City on Friday (June 21) and Muscatine on Saturday (June 22). Temperatures for the week as a whole averaged 3.5 degrees above normal. Finally, with the warmer and more humid weather, there were several days with scattered reports of high winds and large hail. The most widespread severe weather came on Friday morning over northeast and extreme northern Iowa with golf ball size hail reported near Ringsted in Emmet County and near Independence in Buchanan County.