More: USDA Sept. 29 Crop Progress and Condition Report
U.S. corn's combined good to excellent rating in the USDA crop progress and condition report was unchanged from a week ago at 74%, the agency said Monday, but this week the excellent rating was up a point at 23% while good dropped a point to 51%.
Soybeans slipped to 71% good to excellent from 72% a week ago, but remained well ahead of last year's 50%.
The corn harvest at 7% matched last year's pace but trailed the 15% five-year average. Also, USDA said 42% of the crop was mature, ahead of 2013's 37% but behind the 54% average.
In its first national soybean harvest report of the season, USDA said 3% of the crop was cut, unchanged from a year ago but behind the 8% average. Most of the harvesting was in the south with Louisiana at 59%, Mississippi at 41% and Arkansas at 23%.
In Iowa, the top corn and soybean producer, no harvest of those crops was reported versus the 9% average for corn and 6% for soybeans. Iowa's corn was 37% mature versus the 60% average while 34% of the soybeans were dropping leaves versus the 49% average.
Winter wheat 25% planted; Spring wheat 86% harvested
Winter wheat planting advanced to 25% as of Sunday, slightly ahead of the 22% average. Kansas, the largest wheat producer, was at 15% planted, versus the 13% average pace.
Spring wheat harvest advanced to 86%, but trailed the 92% five-year average. In North Dakota, the largest producer, harvest was 82% done versus 91% a year ago and the 91% average
The Kansas state report said rain showers last week were largely in the eastern third of the state. Topsoil moisture slipped a little to 2% surplus, 64% adequate, 26% short and 8% very short from the previous week's 2%, 66%, 24%, and 8%.
Cotton: 8% harvested, 58% had bolls open
The cotton harvest at 8% was ahead of last year's pace but slightly behind the 9% five-year average. Bolls were open on 58% of the crop, compared with 45% a year ago and the 60% average. The crop slipped 1 point to 48% good to excellent.
Oats were 96% harvested, compared with 100% average. Sorghum was 30% harvested and 51% mature, versus the respective averages of 29% and 44%. It was unchanged at 57% good to excellent.
Rice was 46% harvested compared with the 53% average and was again rated 74% good to excellent.